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Install Glusterfs on Centos 7

1. Preparation

1.1 KVMs

3 KVMs

Hostname vCPUs Memory Swap IP OS sudoer Data Storage
gluster01 2 2G 0 CentOS 7 echo 100G
gluster02 2 2G 0 CentOS 7 echo 100G
gluster03 2 2G 0 CentOS 7 echo 100G

Attach a disk image on those KVMs accordingly if needed. Here are the steps.

  • STEP 1. Create the new disk images

On the host server

# Where your disk images store in
cd /data/vm_storage/

# Create the new disk image
sudo qemu-img create -f raw gluster01-disk1-100G 100G
sudo qemu-img create -f raw gluster02-disk1-100G 100G
sudo qemu-img create -f raw gluster03-disk1-100G 100G

sudo chown qemu:qemu gluster{01,02,03}-disk1-100G
  • STEP 2. Attach the disk to the virtual machine
sudo virsh attach-disk gluster01 /data/vm_storage/gluster01-disk1-100G vdb --cache none
sudo virsh attach-disk gluster02 /data/vm_storage/gluster02-disk1-100G vdb --cache none
sudo virsh attach-disk gluster03 /data/vm_storage/gluster03-disk1-100G vdb --cache none

NOTE: If you already have a /dev/vdb disk you need to change vdb to a free device like /dev/vdc and so on.

NOTE: For attaching permanently the disk image to the VM, you should edit the VM configuration file, e.g.

sudo virsh edit gluster01, add the following XML fragment into the <devices> section:

    <disk type='file' device='disk'>
      <driver name='qemu' type='raw'/>
      <source file='/data/vm_storage/gluster01-disk1-100G'/>
      <target dev='vdb' bus='virtio'/>
      <address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x09' function='0x0'/>
  • STEP 3. Partitioning the disk drive in VMs

On KVM gluster{01,02,03}

Login into KVM gluster{01,02,03}.

sudo fdisk -l | grep /dev/vd

sudo fdisk /dev/vdb
  • Type n for a new partition.
  • Type p for a primary partition.
  • Choose an available partition number 1.
  • Enter the default first cylinder by pressing Enter.
  • Choose the entire disk is allocated by pressing Enter.
  • Finally type p to verify new partition.
  • Enter w to write changes and quit.

1.2 Install Ansible on the host machine

# Install ansible on host machine
sudo yum install ansible

1.3 Password free configuration

cat <<EOF | sudo tee -a /etc/hosts gluster01 gluster02 gluster03

cat <<EOF | sudo tee -a /etc/ansible/hosts

# Have a test 
ansible gluster --ask-pass -u echo -m shell -a 'echo ok'

# Password free for login
ansible gluster --ask-pass -u echo -m file -a "path=.ssh state=directory mode=700"
ansible gluster --ask-pass -u echo -m copy -a "src=~/.ssh/ dest=.ssh/authorized_keys mode=600"

# Password free for sudo
ansible gluster --ask-pass -u echo -b -m shell -a "echo 'echo ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL' >> /etc/sudoers"

# Now we can have a test as below
ansible gluster -u echo -m shell -a 'echo ok'

1.4 DNS via hosts file

cat <<EOF > /tmp/
cat <<EEE >> /etc/hosts gluster01 gluster02 gluster03

ansible gluster -u echo -b -m script -a "/tmp/"

2. Configure the firewall

Ensure that TCP and UDP ports 24007 and 24008 are open on all Gluster servers. Apart from these ports, you need to open one port for each brick starting from port 49152 (instead of 24009 onwards as with previous releases).

cat <<EOF > /tmp/
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=24007-24008/tcp --add-port=24007-24008/udp
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-port=49152-50151/tcp 
firewall-cmd --reload

ansible gluster -u echo -b -m script -a '/tmp/'

3. Format and mount the device of gluster brick

NOTE: Assume that the brick will be residing on /dev/vdb1.

On the host server:

cat <<EOF > /tmp/
mkfs.xfs -i size=512 /dev/vdb1
mkdir -p /data/brick1
echo '/dev/vdb1 /data/brick1 xfs defaults 1 2' >> /etc/fstab
mount -a

ansible gluster -u echo -b -m script -a '/tmp/'

4. Installing GlusterFS

4.1 Install the software

On the host server

Lookup centos glusterfs software packages

yum search centos-release-gluster

Install Gluster 9 packages (centos-release-gluster9)

cat <<EOF > /tmp/
yum install centos-release-gluster9 -y
yum install glusterfs gluster-cli glusterfs-libs glusterfs-server -y

ansible gluster -u echo -b -m script -a '/tmp/'

Login into gluster01

Check the installed software packages.

$ rpm -qa |grep gluster

4.2 Enable & start the glusterd service

cat <<EOF > /tmp/
systemctl enable glusterd.service
systemctl start glusterd.service

ansible gluster -u echo -b -m script -a '/tmp/'

4.3 Configure the trusted pool

From gluster01

sudo gluster peer probe gluster02
sudo gluster peer probe gluster03

Check the peer status

$ sudo gluster peer status
Number of Peers: 2

Hostname: gluster02
Uuid: 3313ad84-ca67-4b8b-8aa3-a0aaa104591e
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)

Hostname: gluster03
Uuid: 3ed0ee52-9af5-4f81-a15b-f841c5ab1754
State: Peer in Cluster (Connected)
$ sudo gluster pool list
UUID                    Hostname    State
3313ad84-ca67-4b8b-8aa3-a0aaa104591e    gluster02   Connected 
3ed0ee52-9af5-4f81-a15b-f841c5ab1754    gluster03   Connected 
49d29ad7-afe1-49e5-9fe4-497688f1426c    localhost   Connected 

5. Set up a GlusterFS volume

5.1 Set up a volume named gv0

On the host server

ansible gluster -u echo -b -m shell -a 'mkdir -p /data/brick1/gv0'

From gluster01

Create a replicated volume by specifing the parameter replica to be 3:

sudo gluster volume create gv0 replica 3 \
 gluster01:/data/brick1/gv0 \
 gluster02:/data/brick1/gv0 \
#volume create: gv0: success: please start the volume to access data

sudo gluster volume start gv0
#volume start: gv0: success

Confirm that the volume shows "Started":

$ sudo gluster volume info

Volume Name: gv0
Type: Replicate
Volume ID: cd783e4a-a569-4cf2-894e-98cf1a7f180b
Status: Started
Snapshot Count: 0
Number of Bricks: 1 x 3 = 3
Transport-type: tcp
Brick1: gluster01:/data/brick1/gv0
Brick2: gluster02:/data/brick1/gv0
Brick3: gluster03:/data/brick1/gv0
Options Reconfigured:
cluster.granular-entry-heal: on
storage.fips-mode-rchecksum: on
transport.address-family: inet
nfs.disable: on
performance.client-io-threads: off

NOTE: If the volume does not show "Started",
 the files under /var/log/glusterfs/glusterd.log
 should be checked in order to debug and diagnose the situation.
 These logs can be looked at on one or, all the servers configured.

5.2 Testing the volume

From gluster01

sudo mkdir -p /mnt/gv0
sudo mount -t glusterfs gluster01:/gv0 /mnt/gv0

for i in `seq -w 1 10`; do sudo cp -rp /etc/hosts /mnt/gv0/copy-test-$i; done

First, check the client mount point:

ls -lA /mnt/gv0/copy* | wc -l

You should see 10 files returned.
Next, check the GlusterFS brick mount points on each server (gluster{01,02,03}):

ls -lA /data/brick1/gv0/copy*

NOTE: Typically, you would do this from an external machine, known as a "client".
It requires additional packages to be installed on the client machine. e.g.

sudo yum install centos-release-gluster9 -y
sudo yum install glusterfs glusterfs-fuse -y


Last update: 2021-12-02
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